如何应对货代英语考试(下)

如何应对货代英语考试(下)

责任编辑:北京中立诚会计师事务所  文章来源:北京中立诚会计师事务所  点击数:  更新时间:2006/5/7 6:09:15

  The forwarders, on behalf of the consignor ( exporter ), would:

  Choose the route, mode of transport and a suitable carrier.

  Book space with the selected carrier.

  Take delivery of the goods and issue relevant documents such as the
 
  Forwarders’Certificate of Receipt (货运代理收货证书), the orwarders’Certificate of Transport (货运代理运输证书), etc.

  Study the provisions of the letter of credit (信用证) and all Government regulations applicable to the shipment of goods in the country of export, the country of import, as well as any transit country; he would also prepare all the necessary documents.

  Pack the goods, taking into account the route, the mode of transport, the nature of the goods and applicable regulations, if any, in the country of export, transit countries and country of destination.

  Arrange warehousing of the goods, if necessary.

  Weigh and measure the goods.

  Draw the consignor’s attention to the need for insurance and arrange for the insurance of goods, if required by the consignor.

  Transport the goods to the port, arrange for customs clearance, related documentation formalities and deliver the goods to the carrier.

  Attend to foreign exchange transactions (外汇交易), if any.

  Pay fees and other charges including freight.

  Obtain the signed bills of lading (提单) from the carrier and arrange delivery to the consignor.

  Arrange for transshipment (转载,转运) en route if necessary.

  Monitor the movement of goods all the way to the consignee through contacts with the carrier and the forwarders’ agents abroad.

  Note damages or losses, if any, to the goods.

  Assist the consignor in pursuing claims, if any, against the carrier for loss of the goods or for damage to them.

  11. 句子:

  Choose the route, mode of transport and a suitable carrier. 句子中的:

  carrier(承运人) 来自动词 carry(运送,携带). 它的名词是 carriage(运输,运输费).

  关于这个 carriage 还可以解释运输费的情况, 还想再言几句:

  carriage 运输费:

  例如: carriage paid to ... (CPT, 运费付至…)

  carriage and Insurance Paid To ... (CIP, 运费、保险费付至…)

  carriage free (运费免付)

  carriage paid (运费已付)

  carriage forward (运费到付)

  freight 运输费(租用船只或飞机的费用, 尤其指水路运费:

  例如: freight prepaid (运费已付)

  freight collect (运费到付)

  12. 句子:

  Take delivery of the goods and issue relevant documents such as the
Forwarders’ Certificate of Receipt, the Forwarders’ Certificate of Transport,

  etc.句中:

  12.1 比较说明下列句词:

  (1) take delivery of the goods and ... (即上句)

  (2) ... and deliver the goods to the carrier. (课本第 2 页第 8 行)

  deliver (及物动词 vt.):

  原意是"递送, 交付(信件、包裹、货物等)至收件处、收件人或购货人等".上句(2)的意思当然就解释为"货交承运人"了.我们也就不难理解贸易术语中的D组术语:

  delivered duty unpaid (DDU, 未完税交货)

  delivered duty paid (DDP, 完税后交货) 的意思了

  delivery (名词 n.)

  例如: delivery note (交货单)

  delivery receipt (送货单)

  delivery order (提货单, 它的缩写是 D/O)

  take delivery of = receive (词组 phr. 解释"收到,接收")

  值得注意的是: deliver(y) 和 take delivery of 意思正好向左.

  我们再来关注下面的句子,看看这些字词在应用上是否有点启发?

  这些句子都是课文和练习当中的喔, 没有想到吧,好好找找吧.还有

  多多关注介词搭配:

  (1) Obtain the bill of lading and arrange delivery to the consignor.

  (2) Transport the goods to the port, arrange for customs clearance,
deliver the goods to the carrier

  (3) The freight forwarder may take delivery of the goods from the
carrier.

  12.2 比较说明下列句词:

  (1) take delivery of the goods and and issue relevant documents such
as ... (即上句)

  (2) ... related documentation formalities and ... (课本第 2 页第 7 行)

  句子中的: relevant = related = connected (意译:相关的).作者为避免重复,所以选择不同的形容词表述.

  12.3 issue:
  
  issue = to bring out (esp. sth printed and/or offical) for
the notice of the public.

  原意是"发行、发布、发表",从英文字面的解释中还可以看出,发行的是"已印制好了的,官方的"文件.这里,我们往往将它意译成"签发"

  13. 句子:

  Study the provisions of the letter of credit (信用证) and all Government regulations applicable to the shipment of goods in the country of export, the country of import, as well as any transit country; he would also prepare all the necessary documents.句中:

  13.1 study:

  study 在这里是解释“学习”吗?要解决这个问题, 还真先要从另外一个单词
learn 入手:

  learn 的含义: 是从他人的教授中获得知识或技能.

  例如: He is learning English.

  study 的含义: 是做学问,研究. 课文中的 study 正是此意.

  例如: He is studying logistics (他是搞物流的,他是研究物流的)

  13.2 比较说明下列句词:

  (1) Study the provisions of the letter of credit and ...
(provision = regulation, 稍侧重于 clause)

  (2) ... and all Government regulations ...
(regulation = provision,稍侧重于 rule)

  13.3 be applicable to:
be applicable to = be able to have an effect on sth. (适用于...)

  13.4 transit:

  transit 原意是"通过、运送、搬运"等意思.贸易上的解释见下例:

  transit trade = entrepot trade 转口贸易,过境贸易

  transit country 过境国,中转国.

  transit operations 运输过程

  goods delayed in transit: 运输中延误的货物(注意介词的搭配)

  14. 句子:
  Pack the goods, taking into account the route, the mode of transport, the nature of the goods and applicable regulations, if any, in the country of export, transit countries and country of destination.句中:

  14.1 take into account:

  take sth into account = take account of sth = consider

  三个结构,一个意思:对某事加以考虑,加以关注.

  14.2 注意以下一些插入语:

  (1) ... the nature of the goods and applicable regulations, if any, ...

  (2) Arrange warehousing of the goods, if necessary.(课本第 2 页第 3 行)

  (3) ... arrange for the insurance of goods, if required...

  (课本第 2 页第 6 行)

  if any 如果有的话

  if necessary = if required 如果有必要的话

  15. 句子: Arrange warehousing of the goods, if necessary.句中:

  我们经常能看到 warehouse 一词,那么, warehousing 到底指什么?

  warehouse = store "仓库,货栈"

  例如: bonded warehouse 保税仓库

  warehousing = storage "仓库储存","仓储费"

  例如: warehousing and storage activities 仓储作业

  课文中只能解释"仓储",因为只有这个解释才配得上前面的 arrange,

  你认为如何?

  16. 句子:
 
  Draw the consignor’s attention to the need for insurance and arrange for the insurance of goods, if required by the consignor.句中:

  draw sb’s attention to: 引起某人的注意, 相当于提醒货物代理人要提醒发货人注意是否需要货物保险(意译)的这半句有:

  A freight forwarder reminds the consignor to attend to the need for
insurance ...

  17. 句子:

  Transport the goods to the port, arrange for customs clearance, related documentation formalities and deliver the goods to the carrier.句中:

  17.1 关于 relate :

  (1) ... related documentation formalities and ...

  (2) The forwarder should check all relevant documents relating to the
movement of the goods.

  (中译英第 6 题:教材 p9 / 练习题答案: 教材 p214 )

  通过这道习题,我们对12.2中 relevant 和 related 的含义有了更深刻的印象了.在上句(2)中,我们还关注到这样一个问题:

  relate to ... (动词 v.)

  have relation to ... (名词 n.)

  be relative to ... (形容词 adj.) 都解释"与...有关"

  17.2 documentation:

  这个名词一般很少用到. 它表示的是一个抽象的概念. 意思是"文件的提供",
很拗口,也不懂.换种思维,这里是名词作形容词用.我们倒不如把它当"提供单证上的"来理解吧.

  18. 句子: Pay fees and other charges including freight.句中:

  我们如何区分这些“费用”呢?

  (1) fee (手续费):

  含义中有"为获得做某事的许可或为得到某种认可而支付的费用"

  例如: registration fee (注册费、登记费)

  membership fee (会费)

  (2) charge ("因服务而索取的"费用,与 free of charge 相对)

  含义中有"购买某种服务时按规定价目所支付的费用"

  例如: collection charge (托收费)

  delivery charge (递送费)

  additional charge = surcharge (附加费)

  fumigation charge (熏蒸费)

  charges prepaid / charges forward (费用预付/费用到付)

  (3) expense (花费,耗费,开销)

  含义中有"当被认为有大量花费时",这个词不仅仅用在金钱上,还用在时间或精力的花费上:

  例如: medical expense (医药费)

  living expense (生活费)

  注意: 会计领域中使用这个词时,通常情况下以复数形式出现的机会较多.注意是通常情况:

  例如: operating expenses (营业费用,经营费用)

  travelling expenses (差旅费)

  selling expense (销售费用,没有"s")

  income taxes expense (所得税费用,没有"s")

  (4) -age (费,资)

  -age 是表示抽象名词的后缀.没有"费、资"的说法,但是下列这些词有"费、资"的解释:

  例如: postage (邮资) carriage (运费) storage (仓库费)

  19. 句子: Arrange for transshipment en route if necessary.句中:

  19.1 transshipment:

  (1) 前缀 "trans-" = to a changed state (转变、转移、转换)

  例如: transport, transplant (移植)

  (2) transhipment 的拼法是否正确呢? 严格地来说,并不正规.

  例如: transshipment additional (转船附加费)

  transshipment charge (转船费用)

  port of transshipment (中转港)

  19.2 en route:

  en route = on the way (在途中)

  这是一个单词,外来语,并非是两个单词或词组, 后通常接"for、to、from"

  例如: These containers were en route from shanghai to Los angeles.

  20. 句子:

  Monitor the movement of goods all the way to the consignee through contacts with the carrier and the forwarders’ agents abroad.我们这样看就简单多了:

  Monitor the movement of goods through contacts with the carrier.句子的其他部分再一点一点添加上去,句意就完整了.

  21. 我们把两句句子连在一起看:

  (1) Note damages or losses, if any, to the goods.

  (2) Assist the consignor in pursuing claims, if any, against the carrier for loss of the goods or for damage to them.

  21.1 damage:

  damage = harm or injury that causes loss of value (有"失去价值"的含义)

  例如: damage by fire (火损)

  damage by water (水损)

  damage certificate (残损证明书)

  damage to the goods (注意介词搭配)

  damaged goods (损坏了的货物)

  goods damaged in transit (...中受损的货物)

  21.2 loss: loss 这个词,词义很单纯, 解释"丧失,灭失",只是在字形上要把它和下列单词区分清楚:

  lose (动词)

  lost ( lose 的过去式, 过去分词, 或其他解释的形容词)

  loss (名词, 注意它的用法: loss of the goods)

  21.3 make/pursue a claim against sb for sth (就...向...提出赔偿):一提到 claim, 保险和法律的味道比较浓, pursue 还有 seek 的意思:

  (1) 保险领域的"索赔": claim clause (索赔条款)notice of claim (索赔通知)

  (2) 法律领域的(根据权利所提出的)"要求":claim for damage (要求损害赔偿)

  The forwarders, on behalf of the consignee (importer), would:

  Monitor the movement of good on behalf of the consignee when the
consignee controls freight (支付运费), that is, the cargo.

  Receive and check all relevant documents relating to the movement of the goods.

  Take delivery of the goods from the carrier and, if necessary, pay the freight cost (支付运费).

  Arrange customs clearance and pay duties, fees and other charges to the customs and other public authorities.

  Arrange transit warehousing, if necessary.

  Deliver the cleared goods to the consignee.

  Assist the consignee, if necessary, in pursuing claims, if any, against the carrier for the loss of the goods or any damage to them.

  Assist the consignee, if necessary, in warehousing and distribution.

  22. 句子:
  
  Monitor the movement of good on behalf of the consignee when the
consignee controls freight, that is, the cargo.句中:

  关于"货物"的词有这么一些,请辨析清楚:

  (1) cargo = goods (尤其是指船、飞机、车辆所载的)货物,运输行业的用语.

  例如: sepCIAl cargoes (特殊货物)

  project cargoes (工程货物)

  container cargo (集装箱货物)

  general cargo (杂货、普通货物)

  (2) goods 这个词与 passengers 相对应

  例如: the shipment of goods (货物运输)

  passenger transport (客运)

  (3) commodity (生活必需品,在经济领域中解释的商品)

  例如: household commodity (家庭用品)

  commodity inspection (商品检验)

  name of commodity = commodity name (品名)

  (4) merchandise (销售、贸易领域中所指的商品、货物)

  (5) article (它不象前面四个词那样的解释,即不是指商品或货物的总称,它的解释常常是"物品、物件、制品"等单件商品)

  例如: a baMBOo article (竹器)

  three articles of luggage (三件行李)

  handmade articles (手工制品)

  23. 句子:

  Arrange customs clearance and pay duties, fees and other charges to the customs and other public authorities.句中:

  23.1 duty (税,税收)

  customs duty (海关税)

  excise duties (消费税)

  stamp duties (印花税)

  duty-free goods (免税商品)

  23.2 authority 和 assoCIAtion

  (1) authority 作为名词,而且以复数的形式出现时:

  例如: the health authorities 解释"当局、权威机构"实际上,以译成"机构、机关、管理局、委员会"等比较合理

  (2) assoCIAtion 解释"社团、协会、学会、联盟"等

  例如: China International Freight Forwarders AssoCIAtion(CIFA)
International Federation of Feight Forwarders AssoCIAtion(FIATA)

  24. 句子: Deliver the cleared goods to the consignee.我们在教材 p13 的第 12 行中发现有这样一个注释:

  clear the goods for export (办理货物出口的清关手续)那么本句中的 cleared goods 意思就很清楚了: "已清关的货物"

  25. 段落小结:

  从课文的第三自然段开始到最后是课文的第二层次,也是文章的中心所在.
通过 The forwarders, on behalf of the consignor (exporter), would: 和 The forwarders, on behalf of the consignee (importer), would: 两句句子,作者把 freight forwarder 的服务范围理得清清楚楚,道得明明白白.他采用罗列的形式逐条说明, 让读者感觉思路清晰,紧扣主题.  

北京中立信永税务师事务所简介下载
地 址:北京朝阳区北苑路13号领地OFFICE大厦B座7层701室
电 话:(010)- 52086638 51095615
传 真:(010)- 52086636
邮 编:100107
E-mail:supercpa@163.com
北京中立诚会计师事务所简介下载
地 址:北京朝阳区北苑路13号领地OFFICE大厦B座7层701室
电 话:(010)- 52086638 51095615
传 真:(010)- 52086636
邮 编:100107
E-mail:supercpa@163.com